Canada’s Artificial Intelligence and Data Act: Impact for businesses

On June 15, 2022, the Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry, François-Phillippe Champagne introduced Bill C-27An Act to enact the Consumer Privacy Protection Act, the Personal Information and Data Protection Tribunal Act and the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act and to make consequential and related amendments to other Acts (or Digital Charter Implementation Act, 2022).

The greater part of Bill-27 is the successor to the former Bill C-11, tabled in 2020, reintroducing in modified form the Consumer Privacy Protection Act (CPPA) and the Personal Information and Data Protection Tribunal Act (PIDPTA).

C-27 also introduces new proposed legislation that is the subject of this bulletin: the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act (AIDA). AIDA aims to regulate the development and use of artificial intelligence systems (AI or AI systems) in the private sector.

AIDA, if enacted, would be entirely new legislation in the Canadian context: no provincial or territorial governments have yet tabled bills that seek to regulate private sector development and use of AI. Moreover, among major market jurisdictions, Canada is second only to the European Union in formally introducing such draft legislation for consideration.

This content has been updated on May 2, 2024 at 13 h 00 min.